Monday, November 27, 2023

Pizza Pioneer with a Difficult Past, Andrew Bellucci, Dies at 59

 Inspiring a generation of cooks, his preoccupation with reproducing the original New York Pizza helped resurrect a classic. But his aspirations brought in wars and, at one point, imprisonment.

Bellucci's Pizzeria
After a trademark issue, Andrew Bellucci at Astoria, Queens' Bellucci's Pizzeria changed its name to Andrew Bellucci's Pizzeria. He was one of the city's first chefs to gain recognition for pizza in the 1990s, and his success served as an inspiration for several neo-traditionalist pizza cooks. Stephen Yang

Andrew Bellucci was one of New York City's first chefs to rise to pizza fame in the 1990s. He had just returned to town. Pizzaioli, inspired by his artisanal, traditionalist approach, died Wednesday in Queens. he was 59 years old.

Business partner Matthew Katakis said he collapsed from heart failure while working at his restaurant, Andrew Bellucci's Pizzeria in Astoria.

Mr. Bellucci's pizza first caught our attention when he worked at Little He Italy's Spring he Lombardi's branch, a revived historic coal-fired pizzeria in St. Petersburg. was. was. was. Nancy Silverton, Todd English, and other chefs came to sample his pizza. This pizza was a collapsible, almost interchangeable golden and orange pizza sold all over town. It was very different from Slice. Silverton was particularly impressed with the pies topped with fresh clams, garlic, oregano, and olive oil.

In a 1995 New York Times book review, Eric Asimov wrote, "The glory is the dough. Light and thin, crispy yet springy, black and plump, full of charcoal-grilled smoky flavor." There is.” ' Said. 'I wrote. ' he wrote. There is "

New York pizza has long been celebrated, but its origins were obscure, its technique poorly understood, and its makers largely unknown except to a few regular customers. Mr. Bellucci saw things differently.

He learned the art of pizza in an East Village and baked pies in his boot at Two His to round out the Three of Cups.

The book convinced Bellucci that the first pizza in the United States was made by Neapolitan immigrant Gennaro Lombardi in a charcoal oven on Spring Street. Persuaded, he began roaming Little Italy, finding an empty bakery with a coal-burning oven on Spring Street. He kept looking until he found Lombardi's grandson, Gennaro, and persuaded him to put his family's name on the oven-equipped pizzeria he found. Bellucci made a pie.

Bellucci's Pizzeria
Mr. Bellucci in 1995 at Lombardi's. He contributed to the restaurant's renaissance by igniting a school of imitators and a revival of the traditional New York pizza. Muhammad Ozier

But Bellucci didn't just switch fabrics. He talked about pizza, pizza ovens, pizza houses, and pizza traditions, highlighting styles and techniques that other pizzerias will explore over the next few decades.

"He spearheaded the resurgence of the traditional coal-fired New York pizza," trade columnist Scott Weiner said. Things have returned to normal," he said. It's pizza today.

"He revived things like Neapolitan pizza, which led to neo-Neapolitan pizza like Roberta's, Polly's, and Ops," Wiener continued, referring to the city's three largest wood-fired pizzerias. he raised the eaves. "That's what got us where we are today." The pizza ecosystem is diverse, and even one piece of him on a street corner is considered worthy of some serious attention.

One day in 1995, two FBI agents visited Lombardi's house and ordered pizza. They left Mr. Bellucci in handcuffs.

The charges against him date back to his days as a manager at the Manhattan law firm Neuman Schlau, Fitch & Lane. Talkative and personable, Mr. Bellucci was popular within the company.

According to the nearly four-hour documentary Untitled Pizza Movie about him, he once invited a lawyer and other employees to a party at a restaurant on Christopher Street.

One customer looked around and said to her husband, one of her company's partners: "He must be stealing from you."

She was right, but it took months for the company to determine that Mr. Bellucci embezzled hundreds of thousands of dollars. By then he had left the company and appears to have disappeared.

Federal investigators suspected he had fled the country. He dressed up on Spring Street for an interview. Ultimately, one of his television appearances was tipped off to authorities.

"Why would a Ram Rider allow himself to be photographed hundreds of times?"

In a phone interview from prison, Asimov said the victims were nothing more than law firms, insurance companies, and banks, and denied the seriousness of the crime. "It's not something an old lady would care about," he said.

When he was released on bail, the court stipulated that he undergo a drug test, and the sentencing recommended that he undergo drug counseling. Bellucci denied his drug use in interviews.

Other parts of his story have been revealed. Contrary to his claims, he was not Lombardi's partner.

He also persuaded journalists to follow the Lombardy recipe. Years later, however, he told Mr. Wiener that his fabric was the same one made by Toe Boots.

He told people he was from the Bronx. Neumann Schrau's lawyers, Fitch and Lane, came to believe that his grandmother had survived the Holocaust as a Jew.

Bellucci was left with his mother. his younger brother Joel; and estranged from his wife Geetanjali Peter. His sister Chantelle died of cancer at the age of 14.

For several years after his release in 1997, Mr. Bellucci drove a taxi and fell into what the documentary describes as "pizza purgatory." He wanted to return to Lombardy, but his landlord wouldn't let him.

Bellucci's Pizzeria
2020's Sundance Film Festival will host the world premiere of "Untitled Pizza Movie," a nearly four-hour documentary largely on Mr. Bellucci. Image by Dia Dipasupil/Getty

In 2013, an ad on Craigslist landed him the position as the founding chef of Mikey's Original New York Pizza, an emerging American-style pizzeria group in Malaysia.

The job "helped me get back into the game," he later said, but in Kuala Lumpur, he worked long hours, had no friends, and lived alone in an empty apartment. One night he swallowed 50 Vicodin tablets while being chased by Jack Daniels in a suicide attempt, he told the documentary. Two hours late for work the next morning, but he was alive.

Meanwhile, he funded his dream restaurant, Pizza His Cathedral. Clam pies occupy an entire page of the menu, and employees peel clams to order at this famous station, built to resemble a pulpit. I was looking for a sponsor who would do it.

His employer, Leo Dakmak, who owns a piercing and tattoo shop in St. Mark's Place, was new to the pizza industry.

The $35,000 new electric oven-baked pizza had 25 options, including pepperoni with vodka sauce and chicken bacon ranch. All pies and slices are sprinkled with Pecorino Romano aged for 18 months and Alanya pepper harvested in Kerala, India, according to the restaurant.

Less than a year later, Mr. Bellucci resigned. Dakmak said there had been an altercation over "repeated high charges to the company's credit card."

Bellucci told gourmet site Grub Street that it was Duck Mac's "last hope" to open a second location "whether I was there or not." He soon found his new colleague Matthew Katakis. Together, they built a flashy red-and-white restaurant a few blocks from Bellucci's Pizza, nearly five times his size.

They named it Bellucci Pizzeria. Dakmak, which had trademarked the name Bellucci Pizza, has filed a lawsuit.

Although imprecise, the case, commonly known as the Bellucci v. Bellucci case, was a compelling case for the press, garnering at least as much press as Mr. Bellucci received during his criminal proceedings.

While the menu included his 18 pizzas, three types of dough, and any number of toppings, Mr. Bellucci was most enamored with the two aspects of his job. bottom. was. under. was. One is what Katakis called the "marginal madness" of his dough. Another was a clam pizza.

“Some people put clam pies on the menu, but nobody pays attention to it,” says Katakis. "He found that the clams were good for pizza even when they were cold, so he thought it was necessary to sous vide," he said, adding that he cooked the clams in a hot water circulator for 45 seconds before grilling them. rice field. field. Added. heated.

When Bellucci died, he was preparing a clam pizza as a surprise for some guests.

Returning to the oven as a renowned veteran, Mr. Bellucci encountered a younger generation of bakers who, like him, are meticulous about their pizza. He became a mentor to many of them, inviting them to work in the kitchen, sharing recipes, and giving advice before opening a pizzeria.

"Nobody was trying to pay homage to pizza," says Levine. "It took a convicted felon to do it. It's kind of crazy when you think about it."

Sunday, November 26, 2023

What Every Single Girl (and Boy) Has to Say About the Economy

The epidemic, according to a renowned jeweler, may have stopped many from meeting their prospective spouses, which reduced the market for engagement rings. Shopping anxiety and inflation haven't helped. 

The chain stores Kay Jewelers and Zales are owned by Signet Jewelers, which has cut its sales projections for the year and blamed the decline in engagements on Covid lockdowns in 2020. Astrid Stawiarz/Getty Images

The company said it cut sales of engagement rings this year because it failed to meet the needs of singles stuck at home during the lockdown. - Get engaged in 2020!

Virginia C. Drosos, CEO of Signet, which owns Kay Jewelers and Zales, told investors on Thursday, "As we predicted three years ago, the coronavirus has created a dating crisis. Engagement declined in the quarter because of the turmoil." Signet, America's largest jewelry retailer, saw sales fall after the company cut its sales and earnings forecasts for the year.

In some ways, engagement rings are a glorious microcosm of the American economy. The bridal jewelry business has been hit by the delayed impact of the pandemic, rapid inflation weighing on consumers, and heightened shopper tension.

Some of the volatility is purely due to the pandemic. Mass wedding cancellations during the lockdown in 2020 are expected to level off over the next few years as they recover and return to more typical patterns in late 2021 and 2022. The wedding-related activity appears to be showing early signs of a wedding slowdown, according to Signet. Related activities. Now he's in 2023, but I'm not sure if that's due to her 2020 dating drought or just the long-term trend of later marriage and fewer children. not sure if I will go back

what is clear? Wedding trends are also tied to wider and potentially longer-lasting economic implications. Stamp sales are declining not only because fewer people are kneeling, but because of rapid inflation and growing uncertainty about the direction of the economy, ring buyers are becoming more cautious. It's becoming It is also the cause of what is happening. It is also the cause of what is happening. Maybe it's because I'm cutting back on my spending.

Consumers face major challenges this year. Prices have risen about 15% over the past three years, according to the Personal Consumption Expenditure Index. Inflation has slowed in recent months, but many workers feel wage growth has lagged.

With many households running out of savings and worried about job security, they may be reluctant to spend on big-ticket items such as gorgeous diamond rings and custom-made wedding dresses.

Wedding dress retailer David's Bridal has suggested some brides have become budget-conscious after filing for bankruptcy earlier this year.

"More and more brides are opting for non-traditional wedding attire, including second-hand wedding dresses," CEO James Markham said in a court filing.

Like many other economies, the wedding industry is showing signs of fragmentation. While high-income earners can use their savings to continue spending, low-income earners are beginning to spend a greater share of their income on food and other necessities. Cracks under the weight of inflation.

Luxury retail group LVMH, which owns jewelers such as Tiffany & Co., reported continued growth in early 2023, including strong sales of jewelry.

LVMH's chief financial officer, Jean-Jacques Guiony, told investors in April that "everyone expected 2023 to be a terrible year for luxury goods in the United States," and bankruptcy never materialized. He said. . under. "It's normalizing, but not bad."

But at mass-market brands like Kay and Zales, shoppers may be pulling back.

“While we are beginning to see some softening in the relatively isolated upper echelon, the lower echelon continues to come under pressure,” Signet finance chief Joan Hilson said on a conference call Thursday. He said.

It predicts 500,000 more engagements from 2024 to 2026 than pre-pandemic trends, as dating delays due to lockdowns lead to matches. But analysts at Bank of America said lower spending on jewelry by "stressed consumers" "could offset some of the recoveries." there is

Wedding Report founder Shane McMurray is skeptical of taking a big gap year during an engagement. He expects weddings in 2023 to drop 20% from 2022 levels as trends return to normal. Lyman Stone, research director at consulting firm Demographic Intelligence, also agrees that the current wedding slump may not reflect a temporary decline, but a return to previous trends. under.

“2023 is going to be a sluggish year,” he said. "I think it's a bit of an exaggeration to blame the 2020 lockdowns for that."

Saturday, November 25, 2023

Birdwatching outdoors
Indigo Goodson took up birding during the pandemic and now goes everywhere with “binoculars in tow,” she said. “My friends get annoyed.” Kirsten Luce

Let's start with the basics. Learn how to identify the most common birds near where you live.

For tips for beginners, The Times spoke with Ali Smith, project coordinator of Merlin, a bird identification app developed by the Cornell Institute for Ornithology, about learning about birds and how much fun it can be.

What are the best conditions for birding?

I'm a little biased here, so I recommend the Me
rlin Bird ID app. Here are her five questions to ask yourself when observing birds.

Merlin asks when and where he saw such a bird. There are many places where you can see different birds depending on the season.

After that, it is effective to observe the bird for a while. Small as a sparrow? Is it as big as a goose? Bird color is also helpful. Bright and yellow and colorful? Is it solid black?

And what are they doing? Visiting a bird feeder? The list of birds that may come to a bird feeder is relatively small compared to birds in other environments. Do you spend a lot of time in trees? Swimming in the water?

Putting all this together, Merlin offers a list of likely birds. But even if you're not using Merlin, you should be looking for information like size, color, behavior, location, date, and more.

What equipment do I need to start birdwatching?

Binoculars, field guides, cameras, or travel may help you spot more birds or see them up close. But nothing is needed.

What is a bird watcher called?

Birds are generally quietest during the hottest part of the day, so if you go birding between 6 am and 10 am, you're likely to see more bir
ds. I have. As the weather warms, the birds begin to quiet down. They hide in the shade too. However, if you can only go out during the day, try a waterfront or other area where birds tend to congregate. And it might be nice at night too. Birds are most active 2-3 hours before sunset.

What do you enjoy about birdwatching?

I truly feel that I can share with my neighbors, my world, little winged spheres of energy that can jump and sing beautiful songs and do crazy wonderful things like weaving grass nests. I am here. I am happy. Drops shiny feathers. Each bird is its little treasure. It's also fun to observe birds such as grackles and sparrows that are common around here. they are stupid

Encountering rare birds is also exceptional. Seeing these little birds that can fly from the southern tip of South America to Canada, Alaska, and even the Arctic for breeding is so inspiring. And they do it twice a year. can't believe it. They are small, but they have a very strong will and strength.

Friday, November 24, 2023

Emerging Supreme Court Doctrine Threatens Biden's Plans

 Supreme Court, Bidens

Supreme Court
The Supreme Court heard a debate last week about President Biden's student debt forgiveness plan. Haiyun Jiang

WITHINBUCKS — It has been just eight months since the Supreme Court first named the Critical Issues Principle in a majority opinion to limit the Environmental Protection Agency's authority to deal with climate change. Last week, the courts appeared poised to use it again to nullify the Biden administration's plan to cancel more than $400 billion in student loans.

In a climate change case challenge, Justice Elena Kagan wrote that the majority involved sleight of hand. If ordinary jurisprudence cannot deter unfavorable programs, she writes:

The idea behind the leading question principle is that Congress must speak particularly clearly when it authorizes the executive branch to undertake issues of political or economic importance. But what makes the idea so dogmatic?

A timely new study traces the rapid and bizarre rise of a dominant interrogation doctrine, fueled by conservative academics and pundits and driven by hostility to the executive branch.

But she added that there are many other activities aimed at elevating this theory to something concrete and impregnable: dogma.

Her turning point came in 2017 when Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh, then a District of Columbia Court of Appeals judge, used the term in her dissenting opinion. “In that moment,” writes Professor Larsen.

The following year, at Justice Kavanaugh's Supreme Court confirmation hearing, Minnesota Democratic Senator Amy Klobuchar asked him about the doctrine, calling it "something else you came up with."

He replied that "the principles of the main issues are rooted in Supreme Court precedents." I admit that I can be a bit of an "all-seeing" nature when judging. ”

Supreme Court
Justice Brett M. Kavanaugh said at the confirmation hearing that the "leading issue doctrine" is rooted in Supreme Court precedent. Erin Schaff

Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. wrote in the majority opinion on climate that the court's use of the term was not exceptional. accept. "

It is true that previous decisions, notably his 2000 decision on whether the Food and Drug Administration can regulate tobacco, have adopted that framework. Similarly, in 2015, in his second bailout of the Affordable Care Act, Secretary Roberts said the tobacco issue and the Congressional operation of the Internal Revenue Service had "deep" economic and political significance. said. He said it would give me problems. I would not have given him the implicit authority to decide, he wrote.

Professor Larsen said in an interview that elevating ideas to dogma is particularly appealing to conservative judges.

Proponents of another controversial notion of giving state legislatures the unfettered authority to hold federal elections call it the "doctrine of independent state legislatures." However, its efforts to create a new doctrine have met with considerable resistance.

Scholars disputed the leading question's approach, saying it changed the rules in the middle of the game, imposing an unrealistic burden on Congress in any event.

“When Congress drafted many laws delegating powers to executive agencies, we did so without thinking that we should specify every major regulation that the agencies might implement. ’ says Daniel. T. Deacon and Leah M. Littman, professors of law at the University of Michigan, write "The New Major Questions Doctrine" for publication in Virginia Law Review.

Even if legislators anticipated the new doctrine, two scholars said: I explained," he said. It's unrealistic and unlikely to explain in the future.

They added that the theory's requirement that Congress speak clearly when an issue is politically significant allows for gamesmanship after the fact. increase.

Calling something dogma has consequences, Professor Larsen said in an interview. "You study it for the bar exam," she said. "Get the syllabus section."

But she added that the mechanical application of "theory" could be a substitute for rational judgment.

The Strange Supreme Court Doctrine Is Emerging That Threatens Biden's Plan
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Thursday, November 23, 2023

Biden's New Cybersecurity Plan Gives Tech Companies Accountability


The president's office has been issuing cybersecurity strategies for 20 years, but President Biden's strategy is different in a few ways. Doug Mills

WITHINBUCKS  Efforts to disrupt the activities of ransomware groups around the world. For years, governments have pressured companies to voluntarily report intrusions into their systems and patch their programs regularly to fix newly discovered vulnerabilities. It's like an iPhone auto-updates every few weeks.

However, the new National Cybersecurity Strategy states that while such good faith efforts are beneficial, sophisticated hackers backed by Russia, China, Iran, or North Korea may attempt to infiltrate critical government or private networks. In a world of constant attempts to do so, the new strategy argues that businesses should instead meet minimum cybersecurity standards.

The strategy is a policy document, not an executive order, but it represents a major shift in attitudes toward the "public-private partnership" that the government has been talking about for years. There is nature. Also, the federal government cannot impose cybersecurity requirements on government facilities such as hospitals that are targeted by hackers.

“A fundamental recognition in strategy is that voluntary approaches to protecting ‘critical infrastructure and networks’ are inadequate,” said Anne, Deputy National Security Advisor for Cyber and Emerging Technologies. says. Say. Speaking at the Institute for Strategic and International Studies event, Neuberger said: Washington think tank.

Since the George W. Bush administration 20 years ago, every administration has announced some form of cybersecurity strategy. Mainly to demand greater power from the private industries that control much of America's digital infrastructure, and to expand the government's role in taking proactive action to preempt cyberattacks. especially from abroad.

It just reconsiders America's cyber social pact," said Kemba Walden, acting director of the National Cyber Agency, in a White House post created by Congress two years ago.

The government also bolstered defenses, disrupting a major hacking group that locked hospital records and froze meat processors across the country, along with government activity in Baltimore, Atlanta, and small towns across the country. added that the responsibility for letting. Texas has grown.

"You have to," said Mr. Walden. So while we expect more from the private sector, nonprofits, and industry partners, we also expect more from ourselves. ”

Read in conjunction with the Cybersecurity Strategy issued by his three previous presidents, the new document reflects how attack and defense in the realm are central to national security policy.

The Bush administration has never publicly acknowledged America's cyber attack capabilities, even though one country has launched the most sophisticated cyber attacks against others. A covert effort to use code to sabotage Iran's nuclear fuel facilities. The Obama administration has been reluctant to identify Russia and China as the forces behind the massive hack against the US government.

The Trump administration stepped up America's offensive initiatives against foreign hackers and state-sponsored actors. Also, Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei, which has been accused of being part of the Chinese government, is building high-speed 5G networks in the United States and among its allies, and such networks are owned by the company. warned that it would be claimed to have been built. Managing it would allow Beijing to shut down the system in the event of Chinese surveillance or conflict.

However, the Trump administration will not require U.S. companies to establish minimum protections for critical infrastructure or to be held liable for damages if unaddressed vulnerabilities are exploited. They weren't very proactive.

Imposing new forms of liability would require significant legislative changes. Some White House officials have warned that Trump could face irrefutable opposition if he admits it.

Former National Security Agency general counsel Glenn S. Gerstel said the move to establish corporate responsibility when the Biden administration failed to meet basic security needs was "a process spanning decades. Yes, it will have an impact." He said.

He said, referring to a famous flammable vehicle recalled in 1978, "The cyber world is finally saying Pintos is responsible for Ford's failure to spend money safely." bottom.

In some ways, we are catching up with the steps the Biden administration took in its first struggling year, which began with the massive hacking of systems used by both civilian industry and the military.

After a Russian ransomware group shut down Colonial's pipelines that process much of the gasoline and jet fuel along the East Coast, the Biden administration took over a little-known legal authority held by the Transportation Security Administration. rice field. It is used to regulate the country's vast energy network. pipeline. Pipeline owners and operators currently have to submit to extensive standards set primarily by the federal government, and later this week, the Environmental Protection Agency will do the same for water pipelines.

No other federal agency requires minimum standards for hospital cybersecurity and is primarily regulated by states. Attacks have also targeted medical centers from Vermont to Florida.

Neuberger said in an interview Wednesday, "We should have done many of these things years ago after a cyberattack was first used to cut power to thousands of people in Ukraine." It was.

Weeks after the Russian invasion, Ukraine changed laws to allow ministries to move databases and many government operations to the cloud to back up servers and data center computers. Kyiv and other cities were later targeted by Russian artillery. Within weeks, many of these server farms were destroyed, but the government continued to operate, using satellite systems such as Starlink, which were introduced after the outbreak of the war, to communicate with servers abroad. . field. field.

US strategy is catching up with an increasingly aggressive attack program. Two years ago, the F.B.I. began using search warrants to locate and dismantle pieces of malicious code found on corporate networks. Most recently, it hacked into a ransomware group's network and deleted documents belonging to the group's victims, as well as the "decryption key" that unlocked the system, thwarting an attempt to collect a large ransom.

F.B.I. can work in the national network. It is the responsibility of the US Cyber Command to track down Russian hacking groups like her Kilnet, a pro-Moscow group involved in a series of denial-of-service attacks that began early in the war in Ukraine. It slowed Russian intelligence operations in 2018 and around her 2020 US presidential election.

But neither is a permanent solution. Some groups targeted by the United States are newly organized, often under different names.

The only time Biden met Russian leader Vladimir V. Putin was in Geneva in 2021. That's when ransomware attacks increased, threatening consumers, hospital patients, and factory workers. The main reason was concern that it was affecting their lives. Biden has warned Russian leaders that his government is responsible for attacks from Russian territory.

After months of lull, her group of prominent hackers was raided by Russian authorities in Moscow. However, that cooperation ended with the start of the war in Ukraine.

In a speech at Mellon University this week, Jenn, director of cybersecurity and infrastructure at Carnegie University, said Easterly "seeks to hold entities accountable for failing to meet their obligations to customers." I was. He said he called on the government to take action. It's been passed down," he said.

Biden's New Cybersecurity Plan Gives Tech Companies Accountability

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Wednesday, November 22, 2023

Airlines expect American action to stop the merger with Spirit


JetBlue believes it is "very likely" that the Justice Department will sue the company over its planned acquisition of Spirit Airlines this week. Joe Raedle/Getty Images

WITHINBUCKS - JetBlue Airways said Monday that the Justice Department will likely sue the company this week over its planned acquisition of Spirit Airlines. This $3.8 billion deal of his could create new challengers to her four dominant careers in the US, but it would also spur industry consolidation.

JetBlue said it has been preparing for such a lawsuit for a long time and has not changed its timeline for signing the deal, provided it overcomes the expected court hurdles.

"I think there's a good chance we'll get a complaint from the Justice Department.

Taking Spirit out of the market would limit competition and further strengthen an already concentrated industry, say critics of the deal. After the deal, JetBlue reconfigured Spirit's densely packed planes, removing seats, increasing legroom, and adjusting the economics of each flight.

According to two people familiar with the Justice Department's plans, the government lawsuit says the combined airlines will not raise prices after removing seats from Spirit aircraft, reducing revenue per passenger. says. They say it can't be increased. No, I would argue that it is not possible.

Acquiring Spirit will allow JetBlue to accelerate its growth plans. Today JetBlue controls more than 5% of the US aviation market. After the acquisition, the company will acquire its 10% stake and become its fifth largest airline in the country. United Airlines, the fourth largest airline, has a 15% market share. Southwest Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and American Airlines each have over 17% share.

"The combination of JetBlue and Spirit will create an attractive national challenger to these dominant airlines," JetBlue said in a news release Monday, with several people supporting the deal. I explained the instruction manual.

The acquisition benefits consumers, disrupts the industry, allows JetBlue to bring lower fares to new markets, and forces those major airlines to match its lower prices.

But two of his people familiar with the Justice Department's plans said the lawsuit would allow other airlines with different cost structures than Spirit to secure slots for Spirit that JetBlue might offer. I said I could. said he claimed it

Opponents of the sale argue that the Department of Transportation, in addition to the Department of Justice, could sabotage the deal by blocking the transfer of business certificates.

Shares of Spirit fell more than 8% after reports of expectations of a federal move to block the takeover were reported on Monday. JetBlue shares rose about 1%.

Unions representing workers at both airlines split last month over whether to proceed with a merger with Spirit's Cabin Crew Association C, which represents 5,600 flight attendants.

Labor union president Sarah Nelson said in the letter: She said, "This is an anti-merger, a merger."

In a separate letter, representatives of the transport union, which represents JetBlue's 6,800 flight attendants, told Garland and Buttigieg that the deal violated antitrust laws and undermined competition and workers. said he would let him, said the deaf man. She demanded that the takeover be blocked.

Massachusetts Democrat Senator Elizabeth Warren wrote a letter in September urging Buttigieg to use his ministry's "historically underutilized" powers to intervene.

JetBlue is also awaiting the outcome of his DOJ antitrust lawsuits over its partnership with American Airlines in Boston and New York. In that case, a federal judge in Boston is expected to make a decision soon.

Airlines expect American action to stop the merger with Spirit
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Tuesday, November 21, 2023

The Lost 24-Limbed Creatures That May Be Able to Save the Ocean's Forest


A sunflower starfish found in a kelp forest in waters off the coast of Oregon before the sea urchin invasion. Scott Gross/Scott Gross via The Associated Press

WITHINBUCKSKelp forests off the west coast are dying, and their decline threatens entire ecosystems of marine flora and fauna. Sea urchins may help the giant starfish that feed on them.

One of the reasons for the disappearance of kelp is the rapid increase in sea urchins that feed on it. This includes an estimated 10,000% increase in their numbers over the last few years in coral reefs surveyed off the coast of Oregon. Also, the rise in sea urchins may be due to a disease that nearly wiped out one of his main predators, his starfish, the sunflower. (Animals are not fish, so scientists prefer "sea stars" to "starfish.")

The team of scientists believes that had the sunflower starfish been there to prey on the sea urchins, the sea urchin population explosion might not have occurred, and restoring populations of the colorful creatures would have been beneficial to kelp forests and I believe that this was a significant undertaking for my research. It was published in Proceedings B of the Royal Society last month.

Scientists estimate there were once 5 billion sunflower sea stars along the coast from Alaska to Baja California. They have up to 20 arms and can grow up to 3 feet in diameter. Sea stars, at least, move at speeds up to 200 feet per hour. But most died from starfish wasting disease, believed to be caused by a virus.

Purple sea urchins are the main cause of the decline of kelp forests, and red sea urchins are also in danger of extinction, right? Gabriella Angotti Jones

Sunflower starfish in an enclosure at the University of Washington. Matt Mills McKnight

To test whether introducing artificially grown sunflower starfish would help, researchers near Washington's San Juan Islands planted 24 sunflower starfish and 300 purple sea urchins. field. They observed them under experimental conditions and recorded their hunting activity and food preferences. These were healthy sea stars, survivors who were not affected by wasting disease, presumably because they were resistant to the disease.

Scientists have found that starfish eagerly feed on both young and large adult sea urchins. When attacked by a starfish, sea urchins fight back, pinching part of the starfish's arm to push the attacker back. This is a delicacy for sea otters and human sushi lovers alike.

Is it realistic to re-establish sunflower starfish populations in captive breeders? Aaron W.E.

The Lost 24-Limbed Creatures That May Be Able to Save the Ocean's Forest
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