A Conspiracy is a theory of a secret plan and see why people believe it - Liberty

Friday, September 15, 2023

A Conspiracy is a theory of a secret plan and see why people believe it

 

Knowledge book. (Nathan Aguirre/Image)

The term conspiracy means a secret plan by a particular group of people to violate the law and commit harmful acts.

Sampoerna University explained that a conspiracy is a theory to explain that there are personal reasons behind the occurrence of preeminent events and major tragedies that are intentionally not shared publicly.

Examples of conspiracy theories include that the earth is flat, that the moon is not accurate, that the coronavirus was created by humans, that the US government is a spy, and many others.


A conspiracy is a secret plot theory


According to the Cambridge Dictionary, a conspiracy is an activity of secretly planning something bad or illegal. A conspiracy means a secret plan made by two or more people to do something wrong, illegal, or against someone.

A conspiracy is a theory that reveals the secrets of extraordinary events. An event or event associated with a conspiracy theory, generally in the form of a series of inexplicable events.

According to Encyclopedia Britannica, conspiracy theories are attempts to explain dangerous or tragic events as a result of the actions of a small group of people in power.

Conspiracy theorists certainly reject the prevailing narratives that exist. Expert commentary on conspiracy theories :

1. Understanding Conspiracies by Robert O Zelency

A conspiracy is defined as a highly planned or carefully planned covert action to carry out an illegal and wrong action.

2. Understanding Conspiracies by Yenni Salim

The definition of a conspiracy is a plan of action secretly conspired and carried out by a group of people. The purpose is to commit an illegal act.


There are several types of conspiracy theories to know about. These are the types of conspiracy theories reported by various sources:

  • Civil Conspiracy
A civil conspiracy is an agreement between people to deceive, mislead, defraud, or gain an unfair advantage over the legal rights of others.

  • Criminal Conspiracy
A conspiracy is an agreement between people to break the law at a later date. In some cases, the person is taking action to continue the contract.

  • Political Conspiracy

A political conspiracy is an agreement between people to gain political power or achieve a political goal.

In a political context, a conspiracy refers to a group of people united to undermine, usurp, or overthrow established political power.

The end goal is usually to gain power through a revolutionary coup or assassination.

  • Hub and Spoke Conspiracy
A hub-and-spoke conspiracy is a conspiracy in which one or more key conspirators agree with another person who can help them achieve success.

Conspiracy theories are very popular and rapidly developing in the realm of human life and world movements. A conspiracy becomes a theory whose main purpose is unknown or unexplainable.



Reasons Someone Believes Conspiracy Theories


If you already understand the meaning of conspiracy as a theory about a secret plan that is sure to violate and harm the law, know the reasons someone believes in this theory.

Conspiracy theorists must reject the common narrative that exists. According to Very Well Mind, here's why someone believes in conspiracy theories:



1. The Need for Understanding and Consistency

Alasan seseorang percaya dengan teori konspirasi berhubungan dengan alasan epistemik. Dunia yang menjadi tempat tinggal ini seringkali membingungkan, berbahaya, dan berantakan.

Ini memicu keingintahuan manusia untuk mengetahui apa yang terjadi, dan hal ini menuntun manusia percaya kepada teori konspirasi agar rasa penasaran mereka terjawab.

Memiliki kemampuan analisis dan toleransi akan ketidakpastian yang rendah membuat seseorang jadi lebih mempercayai teori konspirasi untuk memberikan kejelasan akan apa yang sebenarnya terjadi.

Hal ini pun berhubungan dengan tingkat pendidikan seseorang dengan rasa percaya mereka pada teori konspirasi. Tingkat pendidikan yang rendah cenderung dikaitkan dengan tingginya rasa percaya seseorang kepada teori konspirasi.

2. The Need for Control

The reason someone believes in conspiracy theories is related to existential reasons. Some evidence suggests that people who believe in conspiracy theories are people who are looking for ways to feel safe and have more control.

For example, when someone feels threatened, knowing the source of the problem will enable them to be able to overcome the anxiety they face.

According to existing research, when someone believes in a conspiracy theory for a long time, what happens is that they will feel more helpless compared to before they knew the conspiracy theory.

3. Social Reasons

The reason someone believes in conspiracy theories is related to social reasons. With some research that has been done, it can be concluded that a person will feel better about himself and his social group if he believes in conspiracy theories.

For example, they will feel they are heroes, and groups that disagree with them are enemies.

People tend to believe in conspiracy theories more easily when they are on the losing side in politics, have a lower social status based on income or ethnicity, experience ostracism, or have to prejudice against enemies who are perceived as powerful.

Research reveals that conspiracy theories are a defense mechanism for someone who feels defeated and feels disadvantaged. In this case, they can think that their social group is better than other groups.





(Source: Fefum)
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